The Vietnamese language, it must be said, is a difficult language to understand and learn for those who do not know Vietnamese. However, nothing prevents you from understanding its origins, its grammatical structure and its characteristics to perfect your cultural knowledge or to prepare your trip to Vietnam well. With the danh tieng viet online you can find the best deals.
Let’s discover the characteristics of the Vietnamese language:
Vietnamese is part of the linguistic branch of Austro-Asian (South Asian) languages, which includes languages like Khmer (or Cambodian). Vietnamese is the most spoken mother tongue of this sector, by around 85 million speakers, mainly concentrated in Vietnam, but also within the Vietnamese diaspora in the United States, Canada, Australia and France.
Vietnamese is first of all a tonal language , where the syllables are punctuated by tones. Vietnamese has 6 tones (5 in the southern accent), and intonation is the main difficulty for any Western visitor.
- The 6 different Vietnamese tones and accents, with the strength of the intonation and the duration in microseconds.
Vietnamese is then a language with a monosyllabic tendency. Indeed, a majority of the vocabulary consists of words of a single syllable, others are composed of two syllables, but on the other hand, words beyond the two syllables are extremely rare. As a result, most of the Vietnamese lexicon consists of two simple words to assemble:
- Bàn (which is taken by the hand) + ủi (iron) = iron
- Bàn (which is taken by the hand) + chải (brush) = toothbrush
- Cây (stick) kéo (cut) = scissors
- Cây (stick) bút (write) = pen
- Máy (machine) + giặt (washing) = máygiặt (washing machine)
Finally Vietnamese is an isolating language, that is to say that it does not offer variable words, masculine and feminine do not exist, there are no articles, no conjugation and a very simple grammar. It is one of the main facilities for anyone wishing to learn the language.
For example, to “conjugate” in Vietnamese, you simply have to use indicators before the verb:
- Present: đang
- Past: đã
- Future: sẽ
As we saw above, the main difficulties to learn and speak Vietnamese, are the mastery of tones, pronunciation with the 5 different accents, but also the difference in accentuation between the dialect of Hanoi, that of Hue and that of Ho Chi Minh City, the old Saigon.
Finally, personal pronouns are imperative to master, because I, you or you, do not exist in Vietnamese. Coming from and governed by a very family society, the Vietnamese consider themselves to be one and the same family.